This blog is an excerpt from Claire Warden's book Nurture through Nature. In this excerpt Warden discusses the use of metal as a natural resource to create learning experiences for young children. Please refer to Warden's full book to see the full chapter as well as how to use natural resources in your setting.
The sound and feel of running a stick along a fence is firmly placed in childhood memories. Metal has a different sound that can be incorporated into experiences with more natural materials to enrich experiences for children.
The experiences for older children may well include observations of the changes in different types of metal. With very young children who are mouthing I do use stainless steel for its inert qualities whilst still giving wonderful auditory opportunities.
[I was recently] in Iceland in an area designed for two year olds. The sand was volcanic and therefore black. Children spend long blocks of time outside each day and were encouraged to risk assess. A group of 3 boys aged 2 years found some sticks on the far side of the outdoor area. The play started by drumming on the side of the wooden house, after 10 minutes of this exploration the boys split up and started to hit other objects. One found that the fence made a harder, louder noise. The noise attracted other boys to the area. they played on the fence for several minutes before carrying on their journey around the area. As part of that exploration they walked along a wooden platform in the eaves of the shelter. The sides of the hut are faced with corrugated iron panels. Using the same sticks the boy moved along the walkway alternating walking and running. By running their sticks along the fence the sound is linked to kinaesthetics. The adults here support their involvement with noise through offering metal objects to hang on strings alongside the hut. The resonance and vibration within metal gives a very distinctive sound. Creative outdoor areas should have a variety of experiences that explore the sound, reflection and use of metal.
Children are orally stimulated before birth. Some expectant mothers wear a metal pendant with an inner ball that creates a chime of a particular pitch. When this noise is heard after the baby is born it has a soothing effect since it is associated with the security of being in the womb. The sounds that surround children should be a balance of stimulation and harmony. Young babies take so much from the environment that we as adults have filtered out. It is very easy to bombard them with too much stimulation rather than allowing them to root themselves to someone.
Metal can be used for gentle outdoor chimes played by the wind for babies; toddlers can enjoy chime spaces that are full of metal tubes to run through and dance within. One aspect of any instrument is that there is enough space for the sound vibration. Creating sound walls with metal tubes, pan lids, metal car wheel hubcaps - will all need to be suspended a short distance away from the wall to create effective sound.
Imagine the joy of creating a musical tree covered with stainless steel rings that hum when you stand near to them - use a stainless steel musical wand to play the rings and there will be potential of wondrous musical opportunities.
Young children are kinesthetic and when movement is at the core of the outdoor area, we can use children's feet and movement as music. Offer Wellingtons, shoes or clogs with metal tips and watch to see the change in movement as the children enjoy auditory stimulation linked to kinetics - children start to dance on drain covers, even tap their feet whilst they are standing.
Metal spoons and metal pans make the best mud pies but since they are constantly damp it is worth considering the type of metal you use as many will rust very quickly. I would say however that rust is a part of a cycle of decay and can be used as an opportunity for discussion of environmental issues. Real pots and pans supported role play to create pretend food inside, and this was applied to play outside through the creation of food for a hedgehog. The containers that were provided included colanders, measures tubes and bowls to provide choice and exploration.
Children under three engage in transformational play through most of their day since their pliable brain is creating connections between experiences. This enables them to store frameworks of understanding until they make a new discovery. The provision of metal materials inside and out will enable children to extend their thinking and application of their ideas.
In the rest of the chapter, Claire discusses a learning story about hollow stainless steel balls engaging children in transporting and trajectory schemas for longer blocks of time.
We hope you enjoyed this excerpt from Claire Warden's Nurture through Nature. The full book is available in print copy and also as a digital e-book from the Mindstretchers website. We ship internationally.